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Journal Article

Karyotypic Data on North and Central American Zamiaceae (Cycadales) and their Phylogenetic Implications

Aldo Moretti
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 77, No. 8 (Aug., 1990), pp. 1016-1029
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2444573
Page Count: 14
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Karyotypic Data on North and Central American Zamiaceae (Cycadales) and their Phylogenetic Implications
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Abstract

Chromosome numbers and karyotypes of species from four American Zamiaceae (Cycadales) are reported. Zamia shows interspecific and intraspecific chromosome variation, whereas Microcycas, Ceratozamia, and Dioon have constant karyotypes within each genus. In Zamia, all karyotypes have the same number of submetacentric and acrocentric chromosomes, but they differ in the number of metacentric and telocentric chromosomes. Centric fission of metacentric chromosomes is proposed to explain the karyotypic variation in this genus. Zamia shows karyological relationships with Microcycas and Ceratozamia, whereas Dioon appears very distinct from the other American cycad genera. Affinity among Zamia, Ceratozamia, and Microcycas karyotypes and distinctiveness of Dioon karyotypes are supported by comparative analysis of phenotypic characters in the four genera.

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