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Aerobiology and Pollen Capture of Orchard-Grown Pistacia vera (Anacardiaceae)
Karl J. Niklas and Stephen L. Buchmann
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 75, No. 12 (Dec., 1988), pp. 1813-1829
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2444736
Page Count: 17
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Pollen, Inflorescences, Wind velocity, Trajectories, Pollination, Wind tunnels, Flower stigma, Orchards, Kinetics, Botany
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The phenology of pollen release and pollen capture by Pistacia vera was studied in the field and laboratory respectively. Inflorescences of Pistacia vera were examined in a wind tunnel to determine whether the behavior of airborne conspecific pollen around receptive flowers differed as a result of changes in the shape and size of the inflorescence. In addition, the behavior of unclumped (single) and clumped pollen grains was studied to determine differences in the probability of their capture. Wind speeds within a commercial orchard during pollen shedding averaged 0.9-2.2 m/sec and atmospheric pollen concentrations were highest between 0900-1100 hr MST. Each of three stages in inflorescence development (defined on the basis of the number of exserted stigmas) was examined under identical ambient airflow conditions with equal concentrations of airborne pollen (1,000 grains/m3). The general pattern of pollen grain motion involves direct inertial collision by windward surfaces and by sedimentation of pollen onto leeward surfaces; clumped pollen rarely sedimented onto leeward surfaces. Small changes in ambient wind speed (0 5 m/sec to 1.0 m/sec) produced significant changes in the pattern of pollen motion around inflorescences and altered the number of pollen grains captured by leeward surfaces. Thus, wind pollination in P. vera is affected both by windspeed and by the shape or size of flower clusters. Differences in the behavior of clumped and unclumped pollen result from their inertial properties and responsiveness to local changes in the direction and speed of airflow. Unclumped pollen has a higher probability of being captured by leeward surfaces. The apparent insensitivity of pollen motion to differences in inflorescence size may ensure equitable pollination during the acropetal development of flowers.
American Journal of Botany © 1988 Botanical Society of America, Inc.