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Leaf Development in the Normal and Solanifolia Mutant of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
K. N. Chandra Sekhar and V. K. Sawhney
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 77, No. 1 (Jan., 1990), pp. 46-53
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2444791
Page Count: 8
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Leaves, Plants, Epidermal cells, Leaf development, Plant cells, Hair, Leaf primordia, Genotypes, Shoot apices, Plant growth
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Leaf development in the normal (lobed margin) and the solanifolia (sf/sf) mutant (entire margin) of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) was compared at the light and scanning electron microscope levels. The shoot apices of the mutant plants contained microbodies near the axil of the youngest leaf, which were absent in the normal plants. The structural and morphological events in the initiation of leaf primordia were similar in the two genotypes. The pattern of leaflet emergence was also similar in the two types of plants, but the timing of leaflet production was different. The first pair of leaflet primordia in the normal plants was produced on P3, whereas in the mutant it was not produced until P5. The adult leaves of sf/sf plants were larger than those of normal, and the greater leaf area in the mutant was associated with a greater adaxial epidermal cell and areole area. A continuous marginal fimbriate vein (MFV) was present along the margin of each of the normal leaflets. However, a continuous MFV was absent in the mutant leaflets. It is suggested that the absence of a continuous MFV in the mutant might alter the nutritional and hormonal supply to the leaf margin, which ultimately leads to a modified leaf, i.e., with an entire margin.
American Journal of Botany © 1990 Botanical Society of America, Inc.