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Allopolyploid Speciation in Tragopogon: Insights from Chloroplast DNA
Douglas E. Soltis and Pamela S. Soltis
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 76, No. 8 (Aug., 1989), pp. 1119-1124
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2444824
Page Count: 6
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Tragopogon mirus and T miscellus are classic examples of recent allopolyploid speciation. Previous studies documented that the diploid parents of T mirus are T. dubius and T porrifolius and those of T miscellus are T. dubius and T pratensis. Restriction fragment analysis of chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) provided additional evolutionary information regarding the origin of the allotetraploids. We analyzed 39 populations of the three diploid and two allotetraploid species with 18 restriction endonucleases. Six restriction site mutations and three length mutations were identified; these unambiguously differentiated the parental diploids. Previous morphological, cytological, and electrophoretic analyses indicated that T. mirus arose independently at least three times. Chloroplast DNA data suggest that T porrifolius has consistently been the maternal parent of T mirus. Chloroplast DNA data also document a minimum of two independent origins of T miscellus: 1) populations from Pullman, Washington, have T. dubius as the maternal parent; 2) all other populations have T. pratensis as the maternal parent. Two restriction site mutations implicate certain populations of T. dubius in the formation of the Pullman populations of T. miscellus. The two rare diploid species, T porrifolius and T. pratensis, typically appear as maternal parents of the allotetraploids; the widespread and common T dubius is the maternal parent only for two populations of T miscellus. These data suggest that pollen load may be an important factor in determining the male and female parents of allopolyploid angiosperms.
American Journal of Botany © 1989 Botanical Society of America, Inc.