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Chromosome Numbers of Campanulaceae. II. The Lobelia tupa Complex of Chile

Thomas G. Lammers and Nancy Hensold
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 79, No. 5 (May, 1992), pp. 585-588
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2444871
Page Count: 4
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Chromosome Numbers of Campanulaceae. II. The Lobelia tupa Complex of Chile
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Abstract

Gametic chromosome numbers are reported for 27 collections representing the four species of the Lobelia tupa complex (Campanulaceae, Lobelioideae) in Chile; all are n = 21. This represents the first report of chromosome numbers for L. bridgesii Hook. & Arn., L. excelsa Bonpl., and L polyphylla Hook. & Arn., and confirms previous reports of this number in L. tupa L. As the basic chromosome number of Lobelioideae is x = 7, these species are interpreted as hexaploids. Higher polyploids are extremely rare among Lobelioideae; most of those previously reported have been either sporadic individuals or populations within an otherwise diploid or tetraploid species, or occasional species within an otherwise diploid and tetraploid lineage. This is the first report of an entire complex of lobelioid species that is uniformly hexaploid. This suggests that the Chilean endemics are relatively derived within Lobelia, and offers some support for the monophyly of the complex.

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