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Radiation of the Endemic Genus Dendroseris (Asteraceae) on the Juan Fernandez Islands: Evidence from Sequences of the ITS Regions of Nuclear Ribosomal DNA

Tao Sang, Daniel J. Crawford, Sueng-Chul Kim and Tod F. Stuessy
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 81, No. 11 (Nov., 1994), pp. 1494-1501
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2445322
Page Count: 8
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Radiation of the Endemic Genus Dendroseris (Asteraceae) on the Juan Fernandez Islands: Evidence from Sequences of the ITS Regions of Nuclear Ribosomal DNA
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Abstract

Phylogenetic relationships among nine of the 11 species of the endemic genus Dendroseris on the Juan Fernandez Islands were inferred from nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS) of the 18-26S nuclear ribosomal DNA. Sequences were determined for 15 populations of Dendroseris and one population for each of two outgroups from the genera Sonchus and Sventenia. Little length variation was detected in the ITS regions of Dendroseris, with ITS 1 253 or 254 bp long and ITS 2 224 or 225 bp. The sequence data provide strong support for the holophyly of Dendroseris despite the distinct morphological differences among the three subgenera. The molecular data also indicate that subg. Dendroseris and Phoenicoseris are holophyletic, but do not support holophyly of subg. Rea. The ITS sequences did not resolve relationships among subgenera, supporting the hypothesis of rapid adaptive radiation of Dendroseris on the islands. Relative rate tests indicate that rates of nucleotide substitutions in the ITS regions are not significantly different among the different lineages of Dendroseris following adaptive radiation. Comparisons of average pairwise sequence divergence of Dendroseris species in the ITS regions and chloroplast genome indicated that ITS sequences have evolved about 38 times faster than cpDNA in the genus. Rates of ITS sequence divergence of Dendroseris were estimated to be faster than (3.94 ± 0.10) x 10-9 per site per year, and likely (6.06 ± 0.15) x 10-9 per site per year.

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