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Resin-Casting: A Method for Investigating Apoplastic Spaces
James D. Mauseth and Tomoyuki Fujii
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 81, No. 1 (Jan., 1994), pp. 104-110
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2445569
Page Count: 7
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Ibervillea lindheimeri is a dioecious member of the Cucurbitaceae whose male flowers possess a number of sex-specific characteristics including eglandular trichomes on the anther connective. A 2-year study (1989 and 1990) was undertaken to assess the potential for sexual selection of anther trichome number as a male floral trait that enhances pollen removal (a male fitness component). Correlation analysis of ten reproductive and floral traits showed that only the mean number of anther trichomes per flower was significantly associated with mean pollen removal per flower. Anther trichomes are two-celled, consisting of a small, caplike, apical cell and a large, bulbous basal cell. The basal cell is under tension and produces a sticky polysaccharide that is forcefully ejected upward when the apical cell is broken off by visiting bees. The sticky polysaccharide accumulates on the bees and aids in adherence of pollen. We propose that there is directional selection on individual males for number of anther trichomes per flower. The more anther trichomes per flower, the more pollen exported, and the greater the likelihood of siring seeds. Males differed significantly in mean number of anther trichomes per flower and were relatively consistent in their rank order over a 2-year period; both are prerequisites for sexual selection to operate. Selection coefficients and differentials for 1989 and 1990 were 0.005 and 0.007, and 0.22 and 0.32, respectively, and suggest moderate to strong directional selection on anther trichome number.
American Journal of Botany © 1994 Botanical Society of America, Inc.