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Morph-Biased Male Sterility in the Tropical Distylous Shrub Erythroxylum havanense (Erythroxylaceae)
Cesar A. Dominguez, German Avila-Sakar, Sonia Vazquez-Santana and Judith Marquez-Guzman
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 84, No. 5 (May, 1997), pp. 626-632
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2445899
Page Count: 7
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This study explores whether ecological factors, such as pollinators and pollen flow, or variation in pollen and ovule development account for the observed differences (approximately twofold) in the reproductive output of pin and thrum individuals of Erythroxylum havanense. The importance of ecological factors was assessed by means of comparison of the identity of pollinators and the rates of flower visitation, and by performing controlled hand pollinations and measurements of fruit set. In addition, we described the pollen and ovule development of thrum and pin individuals. Our results indicate that pollinators of E. havanense do not distinguish between floral morphs. The differences in fruit set between pin and thrum plants held even after hand pollination and, therefore, the observed differences in reproductive output between floral morphs of E. havanense cannot be explained in terms of asymmetrical pollen flow. There were no differences in the pattern of gynoecium development between the pin and thrum morphs, however androecium development showed marked differences between the morphs, and there was a resemblance between the developmental pathways leading to male sterility of the thrum morph of E. havanense with that of species with cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS).
American Journal of Botany © 1997 Botanical Society of America, Inc.