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Chloroplast DNA Phylogeny, Reticulate Evolution, and Biogeography of Paeonia (Paeoniaceae)

Tao Sang, Daniel J. Crawford and Tod F. Stuessy
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 84, No. 8 (Aug., 1997), pp. 1120-1136
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2446155
Page Count: 17
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Chloroplast DNA Phylogeny, Reticulate Evolution, and Biogeography of Paeonia (Paeoniaceae)
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Abstract

The coding region of the matK gene and two intergenic spacers, psbA-trnH and trnL(UAA)-trnF(GAA), of cpDNA were sequenced to study phylogenetic relationships of 32 Paeonia species. In the psbA-trnH intergenic spacer, short sequences bordered by long inverted repeats have undergone inversions that are often homoplasious mutations. Insertions/deletions found in the two intergenic spacers, mostly resulting from slipped-strand mispairing, provided relatively reliable phylogenetic information. The matK coding region, evolving more rapidly than the trnL-trnF spacer and more slowly than the psbA-trnH spacer, produced the best resolved phylogenetic tree. The matK phylogeny was compared with the phylogeny obtained from sequences of internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. A refined hypothesis of species phylogeny of section Paeonia was proposed by considering the discordance between the nuclear and cpDNA phylogenies to be results of hybrid speciation followed by inheritance of cpDNA of one parent and fixation of ITS sequences of another parent. The Eurasian and western North American disjunct distribution of the genus may have resulted from interrruption of the continuous distribution of ancestral populations of extant peony species across the Bering land bridge during the Miocene. Pleistocene glaciation may have played an important role in triggering extensive reticulate evolution within section Paeonia and shifting distributional ranges of both parental and hybrid species.

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