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Women's Rights and the Cuban Constitution of 1940

GRACIELLA CRUZ-TAURA
Cuban Studies
Vol. 24 (1994), pp. 123-140
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24485773
Page Count: 18
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Women's Rights and the Cuban Constitution of 1940
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Abstract

This article examines the civil rights of Cuban women that were guaranteed by the Constitution of 1940 as the culmination of the effort to modernize the island and bring it into the twentieth century. Due to failure to enact complementary laws, these rights were left to languish until 1950, when a law was passed that introduced changes into the civil code which finally gave women some degree of equality before the law. The apathy of legislators and juridical deficiencies of Ley 9 (enacted 20 December 1950) testified to the distance between theory and practice in a society whose patriarchal and Hispanic heritage gave a greater value to the enactment of law than to its implementation. Este artículo examina los derechos civiles de la mujer cubana según fueron garantizados por la Constitución de 1940, culminación del esfuerzo por modernizar la Isla en el siglo veinte. A falta de leyes complementarias, estas garantías quedaron rezagadas hasta que la Ley 9 del 20 de diciembre de 1950 introdujo cambios en el Código Civil, facilitando así la igualdad legal. La apatía de los legisladores y las deficiencias jurídicas de esta ley señalan la distancia entre la teoría y la práctica en una sociedad de herencia patriarcal e hispánica que parecía valorar la existencia de la ley pero no la urgencia de su aplicación.

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