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THE ROLE OF ARCHAEOLOGY IN DEVELOPMENT: The Case of Tanzania

Bertram B.B. Mapunda
Transafrican Journal of History
Vol. 20 (1991), pp. 19-34
Published by: Gideon Were Publications
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24520301
Page Count: 16
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THE ROLE OF ARCHAEOLOGY IN DEVELOPMENT: The Case of Tanzania
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Abstract

Until the early 1960s, archaeology was considered to be a neutral academic discipline — free from political, cultural and philosophical influence and impact. For this reason, the assessment of its achievements was based largely on epistemological criteria. In the last decades this view has changed, and the question of archaeology's applicability to the day-to-day lives of people has grown in emphasis, and the role of archaeology to development has become an important theme in the discipline. Archaeology has great potential from a developmental point of view. It can contribute much to academic, economic growth, sociocultural development, and political awareness and reform. Developing countries such as Tanzania which greatly need to maximise the use of their resources, can gain much from the expansion of archaeological research. It is unfortunate that most of these countries are not using their archaeological potentials effectively. Several solutions to this problem are suggested, including public education and involvement in archaeology, central planning of archaeological research, financial self-reliance for archaeology, the creation of archaeological associations, and reform of the trade in cultural materials.

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