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PROBLEMS AND POTENTIAL ASSOCIATED WITH THE PRODUCTION OF PROTEIN FROM CELLULOSIC WASTES
CHARLES J. ROGERS
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences
Vol. 66, No. 1, Symposium Issue (MARCH, 1976), pp. 271-277
Published by: Washington Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24536751
Page Count: 7
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Organic foods, Organic farming, Raw materials, Bioconversion, Fermentation, Pretreatment, Fungal proteins, Microorganisms, Acid hydrolysis, Organic waste
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Annually, billions of tons of cellulose are included in agricultural and municipal waste streams. This cellulose could be the feedstock for biological and chemical conversion to useful and valuable products. Bioconversion could add to the world's protein supplies as well as supply a variety of chemicals. There still remain technical constraints hindering development of viable bioconversion processes utilizing these wastes. The cellulose is resistant to rapid assimilation by microorganisms because of its semicrystalline nature. One way to overcome this resistance is to pre-treat the cellulose photochemically, followed by a novel acid hydrolysis. Such processing yields a cellulose to glucose conversion of from 40 to 50 percent per pass through the reactor.
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences © 1976 Washington Academy of Sciences