The Physiographic Ecology of Chicago and Vicinity; A Study of the Origin, Development, and Classification of Plant Societies

Henry Chandler Cowles
Botanical Gazette
Vol. 31, No. 2 (Feb., 1901), pp. 73-108
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Page Count: 36
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The Physiographic Ecology of Chicago and Vicinity; A Study of the Origin, Development, and Classification of Plant Societies

Notes and References

This item contains 22 references.

  • 1
    SCHIMPER, A. F. W.: Pflanzengeographie auf physiologischer Grundlage 173-I76. Jena, 1898.
  • 2
    WARMING, E.: Plantesamfund. Copenhagen, i895. German edition, trans- lated by Knoblauch. Berlin, 1896.
  • 3
    Op. cit.
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • GRAEBNER, P.: Gliederung der westpreussischen Vegetationsformationen. Schrift. Naturf. Ges. Danzig9 : 43-74. 1898.
    • Bot. Centralb.75: 277279. 1898.
  • 5
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • GRAEBNER, P.: Ueber die Bildung natUrlichen Vegetationsformationen im norddeutschen Flachlande. Archiv der Brandenburgia4: 137-i61. 1898.
    • Bot. Centralb.77:212-2I4. 1899.
  • 6
    NILSSON N. H.: Einiges uiber die Biologie der schwedischen Sumpfpflanzen. Bot. Centralb.76: 9-I4. 1898.
  • 7
    Op. cit. 18.
  • 8
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • FLAHAULT, Ch.: Projet de carte botanique forestiere et agricole de la France. Bull. Soc. Bot. France41 :56-94. 1894.
    • Ann. de Géographie5449-457. 1896.
  • 9
    FLAHAULT, Ch.: Essai d'une carte botanique et forestiere de la France. Ann. de Géographie6: 289-3 I 2. 1897, etc.
  • 10
    SMITH, ROBERT: On the study of plant associations. Nat. Sci.14: 109-120. 1899.
  • 11
    SMITH, ROBERT: Botanical survey of Scotland. 1. Edinburgh district. II. North Perthshire district. Scot. Geog. Mag.16: 385-4I6; 44I-467. 1900.
  • 12
    NILSSON, ALB.: Nagra drag ur de svenska viaxtsamhallenas utvecklingshistoria. Bot. Not.1899:89-IOI; I23-I35.
  • 13
    MEIGEN, FR.: Beobachtungen uiber Formationsfolge im Kaiserstuhl. Deutsch. Bot. Monatsschrift18: 145-I47, etc. 1900.
  • 14
    DRUDE, O.: Deutschlands Pflanzengeographie, I. Teil. Stuttgart. 1896.
  • 15
    MACMILLAN, C.: Observations on the distribution of plants along shore at Lake of the Woods. Minn. Bot. Stud.1 :949-IO23. 1897.
  • 16
    POUND and CLEMENTS: The phytogeography of Nebraska. I. General Survey. Lincoln. 1898.
  • 17
    WOODWORTH, J. B.: The relation between base-leveling and organic evolu- tion. Am. Geol.14: 209-235. 1894.
  • 18
    SIMPSON, C. T.: On the evidence of the Unionidae regarding the former course of the Tennessee and other Southern rivers. ScienceN. S.11: 133-I36. 1900.
  • 19
    LEVERETT, F.: The Pleistocene features and deposits of the Chicago area. Chicago, 1897.
  • 20
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • BLATCHLEY, W. S.: The geology of Lake and Porter counties, Indiana.
    • Reprint from the Twenty-second Annual Report of the Department of Geology and Natural Resources of Indiana. Indianapolis, 1897.
  • 21
    SALISBURY, R. D., and ALDEN, W. C.: The geography of Chicago and its environs. Chicago, 1899.
  • 22
    HIGLEY, W. K., and RADDIN, C. S.: The flora of Cook county, Illinois, and a part of Lake county, Indiana. Chicago, 1891.