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Social ritual and architectural space

DUNCAN JOINER
Architectural Research and Teaching
Vol. 1, No. 3 (April 1971), pp. 11-22
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24654924
Page Count: 12
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Abstract

This paper reports the findings of an investigation into the use and layout of small office spaces in various types of organizations. The findings suggest that spatial relationships between people are used to sustain and reinforce social relationships, and that spaces and spatial relationships are used to supplement other methods of person-to-person communication, such as speech and gesticulation. Zone definition and territoriality, achieved through personal distance, orientation and symbolic decoration, are seen to be central to this communicative aspect of space organization.

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