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Journal Article

The Ovule and Female Gametophyte of Dioon

Charles J. Chamberlain
Botanical Gazette
Vol. 42, No. 5 (Nov., 1906), pp. 321-358
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Page Count: 41

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Topics: Ovules, Eggs, Endosperm, Plant cells, Integument, Canals, Plants, Cytoplasm, Gametophytes, Cell nucleus
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1. Dioon occurs in abundance at Chavarrillo, Mexico. 2. It is probable that plants often reach an age of more than one thousand years. 3. The ovulate strobilus is more like the loose ovulate strobilus of Cycas than the compact ovulate strobili of the other genera. 4. The megasporophylls are more leaf-like than those of any other genus of cycads except Cycas. 5. The integument consists of three layers: an outer and an inner fleshy layer, with a stony layer between them. The integument is probably double in nature, the outer fleshy layer representing the outer integument. 6. Only a small portion of the nucellus is free from the integument. 7. One vascular bundle passes from the sporophyll toward each ovule. Before entering the ovule the bundle forks, one branch forming the continuously branching system of the inner fleshy layer of the integument, and the other forming the slightly branched system of the outer fleshy layer. 8. The megaspore membrane varies in thickness from 3-4. 5 μ in young ovules to 9-10 μ in mature seeds. 9. The number of archegonia varies from one to ten, with four and five as the most frequent numbers. The archegonium initial appears in October; the division into neck and central cell takes place almost immediately after; the mitosis which forms the ventral canal nucleus and egg nucleus takes place during the next May. 10. The central cell and egg during earlier stages receive food substances by the ordinary method of nutrition, but later receive food material through haustorial projections from the egg which are in direct contact with the cytoplasm of the jacket cells. 11. There are twelve chromosomes in the egg nucleus, which is the largest one yet known in plants.

Notes and References

This item contains 25 references.

  • 2
    MIQUEL, in his Prodromus Systematis Cycadearum (i86i)
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