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Review: Tabanidae of the East Coast as an Economic Problem
Elton J. Hansens
Journal of the New York Entomological Society
Vol. 87, No. 4 (Dec., 1979), pp. 312-318
Published by: New York Entomological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25009178
Page Count: 7
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Salt marshes, Species, Pests, Deer, Blood, Artificial flies, Livestock, Horses, Beaches, Golf courses
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Tabanidae are pests of man and animals in many areas of the coastal states but especially near salt marshes. The major species, Tabanus nigrovittatus and Chrysops atlanticus, move from the marshes to nearby beaches, camp grounds, golf courses, and other recreational areas and onto boats in the bays and estuaries. Chrysops congregate in dense vegetation and attack when humans or animals move into such places. Both Tabanus and Chrysops are severe problems to agricultural workers when the flies are numerous. Livestock are readily attacked by Tabanidae with consequent effects on thriftiness, weight gains and milk production and possible transmission of causal agents of disease. Biology and habits of both salt marsh and upland species are poorly known. Probably T. nigrovittatus is a species complex. Controls are inadequate though traps and vegetative barriers have been shown useful against Tabanus and some insecticides have given reduction but not adequate control of both Tabanus and Chrysops.
Journal of the New York Entomological Society © 1979 New York Entomological Society