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Endosymbionts of Siboglinum fiordicum and the Phylogeny of Bacterial Endosymbionts in Siboglinidae (Annelida)

Daniel J. Thornhill, Anne A. Wiley, Amy L. Campbell, Frank F. Bartol, Andreas Teske and Kenneth M. Halanych
Biological Bulletin
Vol. 214, No. 2 (Apr., 2008), pp. 135-144
DOI: 10.2307/25066670
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25066670
Page Count: 10
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Endosymbionts of Siboglinum fiordicum and the Phylogeny of Bacterial Endosymbionts in Siboglinidae (Annelida)
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Abstract

Siboglinid worms are a group of gutless marine annelids that are nutritionally dependent upon endosymbiotic bacteria. Four major groups of siboglinids are known-vestimentiferans, moniliferans, Osedax spp. and frenulates. Although endosymbionts of vestimentiferans and Osedax spp. have been previously characterized, little is currently known about endosymbiotic bacteria associated with frenulate and moniliferan siboglinids. This is particularly surprising given that frenulates are the most diverse and widely distributed group of siboglinids. Here, we molecularly characterize endosymbiotic bacteria associated with the frenulate siboglinid Siboglinum fiordicum by using 16S rDNA ribotyping in concert with laser-capture microdissection (LCM). Phylogenetic analysis indicates that at least three major clades of endosymbiotic γ-proteobacteria associate with siboglinid annelids, with each clade corresponding to a major siboglinid group. S. fiordicum endosymbionts are a group of γ-proteobacteria that are divergent from bacteria associated with vestimentiferan or Osedax hosts. Interestingly, symbionts of S. fiordicum, from Norway, are most closely related to symbionts of the frenulate Oligobrachia mashikoi from Japan, suggesting that symbionts of frenulates may share common evolutionary history or metabolic features.

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