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Motivating Employees to Act Ethically: An Expectancy Theory Approach
Robert S. Fudge and John L. Schlacter
Journal of Business Ethics
Vol. 18, No. 3 (Feb., 1999), pp. 295-304
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25074054
Page Count: 10
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Employees face an array of moral issues in their everyday decision making. Environmental concerns, employee and community welfare, and the interests of other companies (competitors, customers, and suppliers) are only a few examples. Yet, businesses do not always address the issue of how employees should assess the moral import of their actions and incorporate these considerations into their decisions. As a result, moral considerations are often ignored, leading to unethical practices which may hurt the long-term interests of the company. In this paper, we present a model to help eliminate this problem. Our model uses expectancy theory, a process theory of motivation, to show that teaching employees to engage in moral reasoning, and creating a corporate culture in which ethical behavior is both encouraged and rewarded, can increase the likelihood that a company's employees will act ethically.
Journal of Business Ethics © 1999 Springer