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Nesting Behavior of Centris flavofasciata (Hymenoptera: Apidae) with Respect to the Source of the Cell Wall
S. B. Vinson and G. W. Frankie
Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society
Vol. 72, No. 1 (Jan., 1999), pp. 46-59
Published by: Kansas (Central States) Entomological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25085877
Page Count: 14
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Female animals, Bees, Tunnels, Pollen, Cell walls, Animal nesting, Insect nests, Insect behavior, Nesting sites, Insect pollination
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All of the 13+ species of Centris bees that occur in the Guanacaste Province of Costa Rica construct brood cells consisting of local materials cemented together by a waxy-resin. A major question to be determined was whether the soil, sand, or wood chips which form the cell wall of the various species of Centris are cemented together by waxy-resin secretions from female bees, from other sources, or a mixture. The nests of Centris flavofasciata generally consist of a single provisioned cell at the end of a short (6-10 cm) tunnel excavated in sand. The nesting behavior is described and can be divided into four major steps once a site is selected by a female. The four major steps are: 1) tunnel construction, 2) cell construction, 3) cell provisioning, and 4) nest completion. These steps are further subdivided and provided a method to investigate the possible source of the waxy-resin.
Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society © 1999 Kansas (Central States) Entomological Society