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The Effects of Demographic Variables and Stereotype Threat on Black/White Differences in Cognitive Ability Test Performance

Patrick F. McKay, Dennis Doverspike, Doreen Bowen-Hilton and Quintonia D. McKay
Journal of Business and Psychology
Vol. 18, No. 1 (Sep., 2003), pp. 1-14
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25092843
Page Count: 14
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The Effects of Demographic Variables and Stereotype Threat on Black/White Differences in Cognitive Ability Test Performance
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Abstract

The present study examined whether a set of demographic variables and stereotype threat could explain African-American/White mean differences in cognitive ability test performance. African Americans and Whites were found to significantly differ in stereotype threat and educational attainment of participants' fathers (i.e., father education). In moderate support of our study hypothesis, stereotype threat and father education partially mediated race differences in cognitive ability test scores. Implications for study findings are discussed, and limitations of the study are noted.

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