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Pattern Analysis of 5S rRNA

Manfred Eigen, Björn Lindemann, Ruthild Winkler-Oswatitsch and Colin H. Clarke
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 82, No. 8 (Apr. 15, 1985), pp. 2437-2441
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25114
Page Count: 5
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Pattern Analysis of 5S rRNA
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Abstract

Some 200 different 5S rRNA sequences from eubacteria, chloroplasts, mitochondria, archaebacteria, and eukaryotes were analyzed for evolutionary kinship relationships and associated sequential features. Group-specific occupation schemes for the 149 positions of an overall alignment were established. Eubacterial, archaebacterial, and intermediate occupation schemes all yield a strongly biased base triplet pattern in one of the three possible reading frames strongest for eubacterial, chloroplastic, and archaebacterial, but still detectable for mitochondrial and eukaryotic cytoplasmic sequences. The frequency of triplets decays in the order RNY > RNR > YNY > YNR; R being a purine (guanine or adenine), Y is a pyrimidine (cytosine or uracil), and N is any base. A strong preference for guanine or cytosine was found in all triplet positions. The effects show no exceptions and are clearly above the level of statistical fluctuations.

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