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Contribution of Sediment Respiration to Summer CO₂ Emission from Low Productive Boreal and Subarctic Lakes
Grete Algesten, Sebastian Sobek, Ann-Kristin Bergström, Anders Jonsson, Lars J. Tranvik and Mats Jansson
Vol. 50, No. 4 (Nov., 2005), pp. 529-535
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25153277
Page Count: 7
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We measured sediment production of carbon dioxide (CO₂) and methane (CH₄) and the net flux of CO₂ across the surfaces of 15 boreal and subarctic lakes of different humic contents. Sediment respiration measurements were made in situ under ambient light conditions. The flux of CO₂ between sediment and water varied between an uptake of 53 and an efflux of 182 mg C m⁻² day⁻¹ from the sediments. The mean respiration rate for sediments in contact with the upper mixed layer (SedR) was positively correlated to dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration in the water (r² = 0.61). The net flux of CO₂ across the lake surface [net ecosystem exchange (NEE)] was also closely correlated to DOC concentration in the upper mixed layer (r² = 0.73). The respiration in the water column was generally 10-fold higher per unit lake area compared to sediment respiration. Lakes with DOC concentrations <5.6 mg L⁻¹ had net consumption of CO₂ in the sediments, which we ascribe to benthic primary production. Only lakes with very low DOC concentrations were net autotrophic (<2.6 mg L⁻¹) due to the dominance of dissolved allochthonous organic carbon in the water as an energy source for aquatic organisms. In addition to previous findings of allochthonous organic matter as an important driver of heterotrophic metabolism in the water column of lakes, this study suggests that sediment metabolism is also highly dependent on allochthonous carbon sources.
Microbial Ecology © 2005 Springer