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Naturgemässe Klassifikation und Kontinuität, Wissenschaft und Geschichte: Überlegungen zu Pierre Duhem

Klaus Petrus
Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie
Vol. 27, No. 2 (1996), pp. 307-323
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25171065
Page Count: 17
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Naturgemässe Klassifikation und Kontinuität, Wissenschaft und Geschichte: Überlegungen zu Pierre Duhem
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Abstract

Natural classification and continuity, science and history. Some Reflections on Pierre Duhem. Duhem is commonly held to have founded his view of history of science as continuous on the 'metaphysical assertion' of natural classification. With the help of a strict distinction between formal and material characterization of natural classification I try to show that this imputation is problematic, if not simply incorrect. My analysis opens alternative perspectives on Duhem's talk of continuity, the ideal form of theories, and the rôle of 'bon sens'; moreover it emphasizes some aspects of Duhem's realism that play an important part in his philosophy of science.

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