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Contributions to a Knowledge of the Vedic Theogony and Mythology

J. Muir
The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland
New Series, Vol. 1, No. 1/2 (1865), pp. 51-140
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25207651
Page Count: 92
Subjects: Asian Studies
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Notes and References

This item contains 155 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Professor Roth in his dissertation on "The Highest Goels of the Ariau races," in the Journal of the German Oriental Society, vi. 07 ff.
    • same writer, and hy Professor Whitney in the Journal of the American Oriental Society, iii. 291 ff., and 331 ff.
    • Professor Roth in the Journal of the German Oriental Society, vii. 607 ff.
    • Professor Max Miiller in the Oxford Essays for 1856, and in his History of Ane. Sansk. Lit. pp. 531 ff.
  • 1
    Here they are supplicated to preserve the worshipper sinless. In R.V. vi. 17, 7, they are called mụtarâ yahvi ṛtasya, "the great parents of sacrifice."
  • 2
    This reference contains 11 citations:
    • Lueretius, "Dc Rerum Natura," in these lines, V. 793 ff.
    • V. 821
    • ii. 991
    • ii. 998
    • V. 799
    • Pro- fessor Sellar's "Roman Poets of the Republic," pp. 236, 247, and 276.
    • " Essais do Critique Religieuse," par Albert Réville, p. 383.
    • Opp. 561
    • Prom. 90
    • Septem contra Thebas, 16
    • Ilippol. 601
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • iii. 53, 7
    • iv. 2, 15
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • vi. 50, 7
    • Satapatha Bruhmana, in my former article in this Journal, vol. xx , pp. 38 f.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Sayana on U.V., i. 160, 4
    • iv. 17, 4
  • 3
    viii. 59, 5,
  • 4
    iii. 53, 7.
  • 5
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • iv. 17, 4
    • Professor Wil- son's translation, vol. iii. p. 151
  • 2
    Sp. Br., xiv. 1, 2, 10
  • 3
    Taitt. Br., vol. ii., p. 360
  • 4
    Sanskrit Texts, vol. iv., pp. 4 ff.
  • 1
    Homer II. xv. 187 ff
  • 1
    R.V. x. 158. 1.
  • 2
    " Sanskrit Texts," vol. iv. pp. 133 ff.
  • 3
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Nir. vii. 1
    • x. 117. 6
    • x. 107. 10
  • 4
    i. 139. 11
  • 1
    Sp. Br. xi. 6, 3, 4, ff.
  • 3
    This reference contains 8 citations:
    • Mahâbhârata iii. 171
    • v. 14019, of the same 3rd book
    • book iv. v. 1709
    • book xiii. v. 7102.
    • Sp. Br. xii. 8, 3, 29.
    • Taittiriya Sanhità ii. 3, 5, 1
    • It. V. viii. 39, 9
    • Valakhilya 9, 2.
  • 4
    Prof. Roth in his dissertation on " The Highest Gods of the Arian Races." Jour. Germ. Or. Society, 1852, p. 68.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • pp. 642 If. of the text of this Upnnishad, printed in the Bibl. Ind.
    • Satapatha Rrahmnnn, xi. 6, 3, 4 ff.
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • R.V. x. 110, 12
    • Indra is in fact addressed as an Âditya alone with Varuna in vii. 85, 4.
    • Sp. Br. xi. 6, 3, 5
  • 1
    Satapatha Brâhmana ii. 4, 2, 1
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • R.V. viii. 90, 16
    • Vaj. Sanh. xiii. 43 and 40.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • R.V. i. 113, 10
    • i. 115, 1.
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Both in Jour. Germ. Or. Society, vi. 60
    • R.V. vii. 82, 10
  • 6
    R.V. x. 132, 2
  • 1
    ii. 27, 1
  • 1
    Both, in his Lexicon
  • 2
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • x. 49, 2
    • x. 65, 9
    • ii. 33, 11
    • viii. 43, 2
    • x. 45, 1.
    • vii. 6, 7.
  • 3
    Nirukta xii. 35
  • 4
    v. 59, 8
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • R.V. i. 72, 9
    • A.V. xiii. 1, 38
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Vâj. S. xxi. 6
    • Ath. V. vii. 6,3.
  • 1
    Roth, iu Ms remarks on Nir. x. 4
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Roth, who, in the Journ. Germ. Or. Society, vi. 71
    • his Lexicon
    • his note on v. 76, 3
  • 3
    x. 16
  • 1
    iv. 2, 11
  • 2
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • vi. 51, 11
    • R V. x. 53, 4, 5
    • Nir. iii. 8
    • Aitarcya Brâhmana quoted by Sâyana on i. 89, 10
    • R.V. x. 55, 3
  • 3
    Professor Roth, in the Journ. Germ. Or. Society, vi. 68 f.
  • 1
    M. Ad. Regnier, E'tudc sur Pidiome des Vedas, p. 28
  • 2
    This reference contains 7 citations:
    • x. 100
    • R.V. i. 94, 15
    • Orient und Occident, ii. 519 ff.
    • i. 106, 2
    • iii. 54, 11
    • ix. 96, 4
    • x. 36, 14.
  • 1
    This reference contains 9 citations:
    • Orient und Occident, i. 33
    • vii. 51, 1
    • Brhad Âranyaka Upanishad, p. 53 ff.
    • Aditi is an epithet of Agni in R.V. iv. 1, 20
    • vii. 9, 3
    • x. 11, 2
    • Aryaman in ix. 81,5
    • Dyaus in x. 11, 1.
    • vii. 52, 1
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • I hare already given this translation in "Sanskrit Texts," vol. iv. pp. 10,11
    • ibid, p. 12
  • 1
    R.V. iv. 42, 5.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • R.V. viii. 6, 18
    • Sama V. ii. 304.
  • 3
    A.V. viii. 9. 21
  • 2
    Saynna here departs freim the interpretation he had given on vi. 50, 2
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • R.V. viii. 52
    • Vâj. S. xiv. 3
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Journal, xx. 40.
    • Ṣ. P. Br. ii. 4, 4, 6
  • 1
    Sanskrit Texts, iv. 101 ff.
  • 3
    x. 37, 1
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • S. V. Br. iii. 5, 1, 13
    • same work, xii. 2, 2, 9
    • A.V. xii. 3, 43 f.
    • xix. 39, 5
  • 3
    Roth thus expresses himself in the Journ. of the Germ. Or. Society, vi. 69
  • 1
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • his note on i. 141, 9
    • his note on i. 90, 1
    • his note on ii. 38, 8
    • i. 35, 1
    • iii. 59, 1
  • 1
    Roth's article on " The highest goels of tho Arian races." Journ. Germ. Or. Society, vi. 71.
  • 7
    iv. 53, 2
  • 3
    Ovid. Met. ii. 1 ff.
  • 4
    Max Miller's Essay on Comp. Mythol. in tho Oxford Essays for 1856,. p. 53.
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • i. 41, 3
    • x. 26, 6.
    • vii. 66, 11
  • 1
    vii. 60, 4
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Roth on " The highest gods of the Aiian races," p. 71
    • Illustrations of Nirukta, p. 78.
    • Ecclcsiastes, i. 7
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ruth in the Journ. Anicr. Or. Society, iii. 341
    • Muller's Anc. Sansk. Lit. p. 534, note 2.
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mitra and Varuna are also mcntioned in vi. 67, 5.
    • i. 33, 8
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • R.V. x. 11, 1
    • Psalm cxxxix. 1-4
    • St. Matthew xviii. 20.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Genesis, i. 7
    • Psalm cxlviii. 4.
  • 4
    St. Matthew, x. 30.
  • 5
    his Dissertation on the Atharva Veda, page 19 f. (Tübingen, 1856)
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Journal of the German Oriental Society for 1855, pp. 237 ff.
    • Prof. "Weber communicates from the Satapatha Rrahmana (xi. G, 1, 1 ff.)
    • Varuṇa, he adds, is represented in the Ṣatapatha Brâhmana xiii. 3, 6, 5
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Roth, Journ. Germ. Or. Society, vi. 71 ff.
    • same author in the Journ. Amcr. Or. Society, iii. 340 ff.
    • his reply to "vVcber in the Journ. Germ. Or. Society, vii. 607.
  • 1
    Psalm lxxxix. 49.
  • 2
    This reference contains 8 citations:
    • i. 136,4
    • i. 137, 1 ff.
    • iv. 41, 3
    • iv. 42, 6
    • v. 64, 7
    • v. 71, 3
    • v. 72, 1-3
    • vi. 68, 10.
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Roth (Illustrations of Nirukta, x. 22, p. 140)
    • R.V. v. 82, 9
    • v. 5
    • vii. 30, 2
  • 1
    Mithra, ein Beitrag zur Mythcngesehichte des Orients, in the Abhandlungen iiir die Kunde des Morgcnlandes, Leipzig, 1857. See pp. 54 ff.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ibid, p. 56.
    • Sanskrit Texts, ii., 471.
  • 1
    Roth's Illustrations of Nirukta, pp. 70 f.
  • 1
    Oxford Essays for 1856, p. 41.
  • 2
    IIesiod Theog. 126
  • 3
    Ibid, v. 176
  • 5
    his Lexicon, s.v. India
  • 1
    ii. 26, 3
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • iv. 26, 1
    • viii. 82, 1, 1
    • x. 89, 2
    • ii. 30, 1
  • 1
    iii. 51, 12.
  • 2
    i. 30, 11.
  • 1
    x. 26, 7
  • 2
    This reference contains 7 citations:
    • ii. 18, 4-7
    • viii. 1, 9
    • iv. 46, 3
    • viii. 1, 24
    • iii. 35, 7
    • v. 6
    • x. 114, 9
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Roth's explanation of ankusa, as given in his Lexicon, s. v.
    • his translation of this passage from the A. V. iu Indisehe Studien v. 241
  • 1
    x. 87, 12
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • vi. 47, 3
    • viii. 48, 3
    • Sanskrit Texts, iii. 162
    • Euripides, the Cyclops, 678 ff.
  • 1
    vi. 36,1
  • 2
    This reference contains 15 citations:
    • viii. 7, 31
    • viii. 85, 7
    • iv. 18, 11
    • viii. 7, 31
    • Aitareya Brâhmana iii. 20
    • R. V. i. 32, 14
    • Muller's Anc. Sansk. Lit. p. 647.
    • R.V. x. 131, 4, 5
    • Vaj. Sanh. x. 33, 34
    • Vaj. Saint, x. 33
    • Satapatha Brâhmaṇa xii. 7, 3, 1 ff.
    • p. 934 Weber's
    • Sansk. Texts iv. 222 and 420
    • x. 138, 6
    • i. 84, 7.
  • 1
    Renfey, however, refers this passage, i. 85, 7
  • 2
    This reference contains 12 citations:
    • i. 156, 6
    • vi. 17, 11
    • viii. 12, 27
    • viii. 60, 10
    • x. 113, 2
    • i. 155
    • vi. 69
    • Satapatha Brâhmaṇa has the following story about India and Vishnu, v. 5, 5, 1 ff.
    • i. 109, 5, 7, 8
    • iii. 12, 4, 6
    • x. 65, 2
    • iv. 41, 4
  • 3
    Vṛttra (?) is said, in ii. 30, 3
  • 1
    Isaiah xl. 12.
  • 1
    i. 64, 3
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • iii. 59, 2
    • v. 64, 7
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • i. 117, 21
    • vi. 21, 11
    • vii. 100, 4
    • Aryasya vardhanam, viii. 92, 1
  • 3
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • vi. 60, 6
    • x. 38, 3
    • x. 102, 3
    • vii. 83, 1
    • x. 83, 1
    • x. 65, 11
  • 3
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • v. 37
    • Nirukta iv. 2
    • Roth's Illustra- tions, p. 33.
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • R.V. viii. 21, 14
    • H. V. ii. 740
    • Pro fessor MÜller (Anc. Sansk. Lit., p. 513 f.)
  • 2
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Journal of the German Oriental Society, vi. 73
    • Böhtlingk and Rototh's Sanskrit
    • German Lexicon, s.v. Indra.
    • Professor Whitney adopts the same view (Journ. Amer. Orient. Society, iii. 327).
    • Windischmann, in his Mithra, p. 54
    • Sanskrit Texts, ii. 295.
  • 1
    Journ. Germ. Orient. Society, vi. 69, 70.
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Journal of the American Oriental Society, iii. 327.
    • Professor MÜller regards the names Ahuro Mazdâo as corresponding to the Sanskrit Asuro-medhas, the "wise spirit" (Lectures on the Science of Language, 1st edition, p. 195).
    • Professor Spiegel has, as he informs me, collected all the positive information he could obtain iu the A Avesta, in the Introduction to the 3rd vol. of his translation, pp. iii. ff.
  • 2
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Yaṣna 526 ff.
    • Spiegel himself, in his A vesta, i. 176
    • Westergaard, Zendavesta, p. 475
    • Spiegel's Avesta, ii. 35
    • Professor Spiegel makes the following remarks, in the Introduction to the 3rd vol. of his Avesta, p. lxxsi.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mitra in v. 67, 2
    • Varuna is called charthaṇî-dhṛt, "supporter of creatures," iu iv. 1, 2.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • R. V. iv. 26, 1
    • i. 164, 46.
  • 1
    x. 86
  • 2
    i. 101, 4.
  • 1
    MÜller's Anc. Ind. Lit., pp. 532 ff.
  • 1
    St. John's Gospel, iii. 8
  • 2
    i. 89, 4.
  • 1
    Roth's Illustrations of Nirukta, x. 39, p. 145.
  • 2
    This reference contains 33 citations:
    • ii. 34, 3
    • v. 54, 11
    • viii. 7, 25
    • Sayana on i. 9, 3
    • Nirukta, vi. 17
    • Sayana on i. 29, 2
    • i. 81, 4
    • i. 101, 10.
    • iii. 30, 3
    • iii. 32, 3
    • iii. 36, 10
    • viii. 32, 4, 24
    • viii. 33, 7
    • viii. 55, 4
    • viii. 17, 4
    • viii. 81, 4
    • viii. 82, 12
    • he again gives the alternative explanation as on iii.30, 3.
    • i. 101, 10
    • iii. 32, 1
    • v. 36, 2
    • viii. 65, 10
    • x. 96, 9
    • x. 105, 5
    • vi. 17, 2
    • i. 29, 2
    • i. 81, 4
    • iii. 30, 10
    • he translates i 30,11
    • Siprhdvat (x. 105, 5)
    • Ṣiprâḥ in v. 54, 11
    • viii. 7, 25
    • iv. 37,4
  • 1
    his note on the same word in ii. 31, 3.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Orient, und Oeeident, ii. 250
    • vii. 56, 1
  • 3
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Vaj. Sanh. xxiv. 11, 18
    • Satapatha Rrahmana, v, 5, 1, 10
    • v. 5, 2, 9.
    • v. 58, 6
    • viii. 54, 10, 11
    • vol. i. p. 1091 of his Diet.
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • x. 88, 11
    • viii. 90, 11
    • viii. 35 ff. aud 13 ff.
    • Varuna in viii. 35, 1.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • x. 49, 7
    • Ovid's description of Phaethon's horses, Metạm. ii. 153.
  • 1
    x. 66, 2
  • 2
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • AEschylus, Prom. 91
    • Homer, Iliad, iii. 277
    • xiv. 344
    • Odyssey, viii. 270.
    • Ovid, Metam. iv. 171 f., 196f.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • IIesiod, Opp. et Dies, 265
    • M. MÜller, Oxforel Essays for 1856, p. 63
  • 6
    his note em this passage (viii. 78, 7)
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • iv. 17, 14
    • vi. 56, 3.
  • 2
    This reference contains 8 citations:
    • Rosen's and Wilson's notes on i. 22, 5
    • Weber's lnd. Studien, ii. 306.
    • Savitr in the Vaj. Sanhitâ, i. 16
    • ii. 38, 2
    • iii. 33, 6
    • vii. 45, 4
    • iii. 54, 12
    • Mitra and Varuṇa (iii. 56, 7).
  • 1
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • vii. 34, 4.
    • Agni is said to raise aloft his arms like Savitr, i 95, 7.
    • vii. 79, 2
    • i. 190, 3
    • vii. 62, 5
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Taittirîya Brâhmaṇa, i. 6, 4, 1 (p. 117)
    • Weber, " Omina und Portenta," pp. 380, 392
    • Ṣatapatha Brâmana, xii. 3, 5, 1
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • x. 149, 2
    • Orig. Sausk. Texts, iv. 96.
  • 1
    Roth's Illustrations of the Nirukta, p. 76.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • i. 164, 26
    • ix. 67, 25
  • 2
    Sama Veda, i. 464.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • x. 36, 13.
    • Sama Veda, i. 464.
  • 2
    x. 12, 8
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • x. 20, 9
    • iv. 17, 4
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • my article on Mnnu in vol. xx. of this Journal, p. 416, note.
    • vii. i5, 4
  • 1
    This reference contains 10 citations:
    • i. 31, 2' 5
    • i. 60, 1
    • i. 119, 4, 5
    • x. 5, 2
    • R.V. i. 95, 2
    • Roth, Illustrations of Nirukta, p. 120
    • Benfey's Orient und Occident, ii. 510
    • Roth's Lexicon, s.v. Tvashṭṛ.
    • my paper on " Manu, the pro- genitor of tho Aryan Indians," in vol. xx. of this Journal, pp. 410-446.
    • viii. 23, 17
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • viii. 10, 32
    • R.V. vi. 46, 3
  • 1
    x. 63, 4
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Nirukta vii. 6
    • xii. 19
    • Durga on the latter passage, cjuotcd in " Sanskrit Texts," vol. iv. pp. 55-57.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • R.V. viii. 91, 4
    • Sârna Veda i. 18
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Nir. vii. 28
    • x. 88, 7
    • v. 9
  • 2
    Nirukta, v. 3.
  • 1
    i. 164, 46
  • 1
    i. 50, 2
  • 2
    i. 121, 3
  • 3
    iii. 38, 4
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Nirukta, x. 34.
    • Roth's Illustrations of Nirukta, p. 144.
  • 6
    A. V. vi. 81, 3
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • i. 84, 15
    • Roth's explanation in his Illustrations of the Nirukta, p. 49
    • Benfey's remarks in his " Orient und Occident," ii. 245 f.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • i. 80, 4
    • Yâj. Sanh. xx. 44
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Dr. Windischmann's Essay on the Soma-worship of the Arians, or the translated extracts from it in Sanskrit Texts, vol. ii. p. 469 ff.
    • Osir. 46
    • Hang's Aitareya Brâhmana, Introd., p. 62.
  • 2
    Dr. Stevenson, in Sanskrit Texts, ii. 470.
  • 1
    Itoth's Lexicon under tho word Gandharva.
  • 1
    ix. 98, 9
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • ix. 60, 2
    • ix. 98, 1