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Union Effects on Job Attitudes

Susan Schwochau
ILR Review
Vol. 40, No. 2 (Jan., 1987), pp. 209-224
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
DOI: 10.2307/2523287
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2523287
Page Count: 16
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Union Effects on Job Attitudes
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Abstract

This paper examines differences in the reported job satisfaction of union members and nonmembers using a multiple equation model that treats union membership, wage rates, and reported satisfaction as endogenously determined. The results indicate that union members differ from nonmembers in how they assess their satisfaction with supervision, co-workers, and job content. Consistent with prior research, union members are found to report lower levels of satisfaction than nonmembers. Although many studies have attributed such findings to the availability of the "voice" option in unionized settings, analyses of the effects of employer tenure and grievance procedure use lend only partial support to the "exit-voice" hypothesis.

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