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How Unions Affect Productivity in Manufacturing Plants

Brian Bemmels
Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Vol. 40, No. 2 (Jan., 1987), pp. 241-253
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
DOI: 10.2307/2523289
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2523289
Page Count: 13
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How Unions Affect Productivity in Manufacturing Plants
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Abstract

This study investigates several hypotheses as to how unions may affect productivity. Analysis of data from 46 manufacturing plants for 1982 indicates a negative union impact on productivity. The author finds evidence suggesting that unions reduce the effectiveness of some managerial practices undertaken to increase productivity, and that a poor labor-management relations climate also reduces productivity. These two factors account for almost 50 percent of the negative union impact.

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