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The Distribution of Unemployment Spells: Canada, 1978-82

Charles M. Beach and S. F. Kaliski
ILR Review
Vol. 40, No. 2 (Jan., 1987), pp. 254-267
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
DOI: 10.2307/2523290
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2523290
Page Count: 14
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The Distribution of Unemployment Spells: Canada, 1978-82
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Abstract

This paper empirically examines entire distributions of unemployment spells according to a novel duration-share approach based on decile shares and Lorenz curves of unemployment. The approach is applied to a Canadian micro-data source akin to the Work Experience Surveys for the United States. The major empirical findings are that long-term unemployment accounts for a very substantial proportion of total weeks of unemployment, despite the short duration of the average spell of unemployment. The structure of unemployment spell distribution differs significantly by gender, age, education, and region; and significant cyclical effects on the distribution of unemployment spells are associated with the severe recession in 1982.

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