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The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market

David Card
Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Vol. 43, No. 2 (Jan., 1990), pp. 245-257
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
DOI: 10.2307/2523702
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2523702
Page Count: 13
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market
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Abstract

Using data from the Current Population Survey, this paper describes the effect of the Mariel Boatlift of 1980 on the Miami labor market. The Mariel immigrants increased the Miami labor force by 7%, and the percentage increase in labor supply to less-skilled occupations and industries was even greater because most of the immigrants were relatively unskilled. Nevertheless, the Mariel influx appears to have had virtually no effect on the wages or unemployment rates of less-skilled workers, even among Cubans who had immigrated earlier. The author suggests that the ability of Miami's labor market to rapidly absorb the Mariel immigrants was largely owing to its adjustment to other large waves of immigrants in the two decades before the Mariel Boatlift.

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