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The Effects of Gender Composition in Academic Departments on Faculty Turnover

Pamela S. Tolbert, Tal Simons, Alice Andrews and Jaehoon Rhee
Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Vol. 48, No. 3 (Apr., 1995), pp. 562-579
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
DOI: 10.2307/2524782
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2524782
Page Count: 18
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Effects of Gender Composition in Academic Departments on Faculty Turnover
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Abstract

Using data collected from a sample of 50 academic departments over the years 1977-88, the authors test several hypotheses about the effects of departmental gender composition on faculty turnover. They find that as the proportion of women in a department grew, turnover among women also increased, confirming the prediction that increases in the relative size of a minority will result in increased intergroup competition and conflict. The evidence also suggests, however, that when the proportion of female faculty reached a threshold of about 35-40%, turnover among women began to decline. The proportion of women had a negligible or negative impact on turnover among male faculty. The authors discuss the implications of this research for the implementation of affirmative action policies.

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