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Journal Article

The Impact of 1970s Repatriates from Africa on the Portuguese Labor Market

William J. Carrington and Pedro J. F. de Lima
ILR Review
Vol. 49, No. 2 (Jan., 1996), pp. 330-347
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
DOI: 10.2307/2524947
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2524947
Page Count: 18
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The Impact of 1970s Repatriates from Africa on the Portuguese Labor Market
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Abstract

This paper examines the labor market effect of the retornados who immigrated to Portugal from Angola and Mozambique in the mid-1970s following Portugal's loss of its African colonies. The retornados increased the Portuguese labor force by roughly 10% in just three years. Two analyses suggest contrasting conclusions. First, comparisons of Portugal with Spain and France indicate that any adverse effect of the retornados was quantitatively swamped by the Europe-wide downturn in labor market conditions in the 1970s. Second, comparisons between districts within Portugal indicate that the retornados may have had a strong adverse effect on Portuguese wages, suggesting that immigration may be considerably more harmful than previous case studies have concluded. The authors, however, regard the results of the within-Portugal analysis as less reliable than those of the comparison across countries.

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