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The Labor Market Status of Immigrants: Effects of the Unemployment Rate at Arrival and Duration of Residence
Barry R. Chiswick, Yinon Cohen and Tzippi Zach
Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Vol. 50, No. 2 (Jan., 1997), pp. 289-303
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2525087
Page Count: 15
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Combining Current Population Survey samples from November 1979, April 1983, June 1986, and June 1988, all of which included data on country of birth and year of immigration, the authors examine patterns of immigrant employment and unemployment. Human capital was less strongly linked to employment status for immigrant men than for nativeborn white men, probably because human capital acquired outside the United States was only imperfectly transferable to the U.S. labor market. Immigrants had some initial difficulty finding work, but their employment and unemployment rates quickly attained levels comparable to those of the native-born. There is no evidence that immigrants who arrived in a recession were subjected to a long-term "scarring" effect. Immigrants' labor market status appears to have been somewhat more sensitive to cyclical changes in economic activity than was that of the native-born.
Industrial and Labor Relations Review © 1997 Sage Publications, Inc.