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Exploration and Exhaustible Resources: The Microfoundations of Aggregate Models
Joseph E. Swierzbinski and Robert Mendelsohn
International Economic Review
Vol. 30, No. 1 (Feb., 1989), pp. 175-186
Published by: Wiley for the Economics Department of the University of Pennsylvania and Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2526556
Page Count: 12
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Extraction costs, Economic costs, Prices, Cost functions, Nonrenewable resources, Economic resources, Unit costs, Modeling, Aggregation, Economic theory
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Starting from a disaggregate model of the search for low-cost deposits of an exhaustible resource, we derive the appropriate specifications for aggregate extraction and exploration cost functions and analyze the behavior of a competitive industry. The proper specification of the aggregate extraction cost function depends on the exploration technology and is generally different from the usual no-discovery specification. The common practice of combining the no-discovery cost function with exploration results in a misspecified model for which the total cost of extracting the resource is not well defined. The widely accepted prediction that the anticipated discovery of low-cost deposits can result in a U-shaped price path appears to be an artifact of this misspecification. For our properly specified cost functions, the predicted resource price is always rising, in spite of the continued discovery of low-cost deposits.
International Economic Review © 1989 Economics Department of the University of Pennsylvania