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The Estimation of False Negatives in Medical Screening
J. D. Goldberg and J. T. Wittes
Vol. 34, No. 1 (Mar., 1978), pp. 77-86
Published by: International Biometric Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2529590
Page Count: 10
You can always find the topics here!Topics: False negative errors, Cancer screening, Breast cancer, Epidemiology, Population estimates, Statistical estimation, False positive errors, Biometrics, Estimation methods, Diseases
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In a medical screening program for early detection of disease, one or more screening modes are administered to an apparently healthy population. Knowledge of the true disease status for all screened individuals would allow estimation of the false negative and false positive rates for each mode of detection and for the program as a whole. This paper develops capture-recapture methods applicable to programs when follow-up of individuals negative on screening is not performed or is incomplete. The methods require at least two independent modes of detection. Data from a breast cancer screening program illustrate the procedures. The results of four screening examinations at approximately one-year intervals and the long-term follow-up of all screened individuals support the usefulness of these methods in the evaluation of a screening program.
Biometrics © 1978 International Biometric Society