Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

More on "Biased Selection of Controls for Case-Control Analyses of Cohort Studies"

James M. Robins, Mitchell H. Gail and Jay H. Lubin
Biometrics
Vol. 42, No. 2 (Jun., 1986), pp. 293-299
DOI: 10.2307/2531050
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2531050
Page Count: 7
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Download ($14.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
More on "Biased Selection of Controls for Case-Control Analyses of Cohort Studies"
Preview not available

Abstract

The authors consider several aspects of the design and analysis of synthetic case-control studies of cohort data under a proportional hazards model. First, in highly stratified data, consistent estimates of the relative risk are shown to result only if controls are sampled randomly with replacement from the entire risk set or without replacement from the noncases. Second, if previous controls are excluded from consideration as future controls but are included as cases if they fail, then inconsistent estimates of the relative risk can occur if "time" in the proportional hazards model represents an individual's chronological age and age at entry into follow-up is variable. On the other hand, if "time" represents time since the beginning of follow-up, estimates of the relative risk will be consistent, but the usual variance estimator will be inconsistent.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
293
    293
  • Thumbnail: Page 
294
    294
  • Thumbnail: Page 
295
    295
  • Thumbnail: Page 
296
    296
  • Thumbnail: Page 
297
    297
  • Thumbnail: Page 
298
    298
  • Thumbnail: Page 
299
    299