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Unemployment Insurance and Employment

Donald R. Deere
Journal of Labor Economics
Vol. 9, No. 4 (Oct., 1991), pp. 307-324
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2535073
Page Count: 18
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Unemployment Insurance and Employment
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Abstract

This article examines the impact of unemployment insurance (UI) on the allocation of labor across industries. An overlooked aspect of UI is the effect of imperfect experience rating on hiring. Firms in more stable industries generally pay more into the UI system than their workers ever receive in benefits, thus subsidizing more volatile industries. The results indicate that industry employment shares are significantly affected by UI and that there is a net shift of resources from the service industry to the construction industry. The estimates also imply that layoff unemployment is increased by about 5% because of UI-induced employment shifts.

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