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Speaking, Reading, and Earnings among Low-Skilled Immigrants

Barry R. Chiswick
Journal of Labor Economics
Vol. 9, No. 2 (Apr., 1991), pp. 149-170
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2535238
Page Count: 22
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Speaking, Reading, and Earnings among Low-Skilled Immigrants
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Abstract

This article is concerned with the determinants of English language fluency among immigrants and the effects of fluency on earnings. Using special survey data on a sample of over 800 aliens, the analysis shows the importance of certain variables not previously available, speaking fluency at migration and English reading fluency. English speaking and reading fluency both increase with duration in the United States, and the increase with duration is greater for those with more schooling and who are not Hispanic. The article shows that reading fluency is more important than speaking fluency as a determinant of earnings.

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