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Securing the Reformation Through Education: The Duke's Scholarship System of Sixteenth-Century Wurttemberg

Charlotte Methuen
The Sixteenth Century Journal
Vol. 25, No. 4 (Winter, 1994), pp. 841-851
DOI: 10.2307/2542258
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2542258
Page Count: 11
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Securing the Reformation Through Education: The Duke's Scholarship System of Sixteenth-Century Wurttemberg
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Abstract

The introduction of the Reformation into Wurttemberg necessitated a supply of well-trained, loyal, Lutheran clergy. As part of his reformation of the university of Tubingen, Ulrich, duke of Wurttemberg, established a theological college, or Stift, and a scholarship to pay for the sons of poor, pious families to be theologically trained in Tubingen. Under Ulrich's son, Christoph, German and Latin schools were established, and the scholarship was extended to include monastery schools which prepared boys for the Stift, which in turn produced the next generation of teachers, pastors, and theological professors. The GroBe Kirchenordunung of 1559 details both subject matter and textbooks. Boys who received a scholarship education had to swear their allegiance to the duke and to promise to remain in his service. The duke's scholarship was not only the means of producing theologically educated, orthodox pastors and teachers. It drew education, religious orthodoxy, and political allegiance into one interdependent whole, and provided the duke with a source of educated men upon whose loyalty he could rely.

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