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Biologically Inspired Crack Trapping for Enhanced Adhesion

Nicholas J. Glassmaker, Anand Jagota, Chung-Yuen Hui, William L. Noderer and Manoj K. Chaudhury
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 104, No. 26 (Jun. 26, 2007), pp. 10786-10791
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25436016
Page Count: 6
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Biologically Inspired Crack Trapping for Enhanced Adhesion
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Abstract

We present a synthetic adaptation of the fibrillar adhesion surfaces found in nature. The structure consists of protruding fibrils topped by a thin plate and shows an experimentally measured enhancement in adhesion energy of up to a factor of 9 over a flat control. Additionally, this structure solves the robustness problems of previous mimic structures and has preferred contact properties (i.e., a large surface area and a highly compliant structure). We show that this geometry enhances adhesion because of its ability to trap interfacial cracks in highly compliant contact regimes between successive fibril detachments. This results in the requirement that the externally supplied energy release rate for interfacial separation be greater than the intrinsic work of adhesion, in a manner analogous to lattice trapping of cracks in crystalline solids.

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