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Jet Stream Intraseasonal Oscillations Drive Dominant Ecosystem Variations in Oregon's Summertime Coastal Upwelling System
John M. Bane, Yvette H. Spitz, Ricardo M. Letelier and William T. Peterson
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 104, No. 33 (Aug. 14, 2007), pp. 13262-13267
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25436472
Page Count: 6
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Summertime wind stress along the coast of the northwestern United States typically exhibits intraseasonal oscillations (ISOs) with periods from ≈15 to 40 days, as well as fluctuations on the 2- to 6-day "weather-band" and 1-day diurnal time scales. Coastal upwelling of cool, nutrient-rich water is driven by extended periods of equatorward alongshore winds, and we show that the ≈20-day ISOs in alongshore wind stress dominated the upwelling process during summer 2001 off Oregon. These wind stress ISOs resulted from north-south positional ISOs of the atmospheric jet stream (JS). Upper-ocean temperature, phytoplankton, and zooplankton varied principally on the ≈20-day time scale as well, and these correlated with the ISOs in alongshore wind stress and JS position, even though there also were weather-band stress fluctuations of comparable magnitude. Such wind stress ISOs are typical along Oregon in the summer upwelling season, occurring in 10 of 12 years examined, including 2001. We present a previously unreported direct connection from the atmospheric JS to oceanic primary and secondary production on the intraseasonal time scale and show the leading importance of ISOs in driving this coastal upwelling ecosystem during a typical summer.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2007 National Academy of Sciences