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The Heat Kernel as the Pagerank of a Graph
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 104, No. 50 (Dec. 11, 2007), pp. 19735-19740
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25450785
Page Count: 6
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The concept of pagerank was first started as a way for determining the ranking of Web pages by Web search engines. Based on relations in interconnected networks, pagerank has become a major tool for addressing fundamental problems arising in general graphs, especially for large information networks with hundreds of thousands of nodes. A notable notion of pagerank, introduced by Brin and Page and denoted by PageRank, is based on random walks as a geometric sum. In this paper, we consider a notion of pagerank that is based on the (discrete) heat kernel and can be expressed as an exponential sum of random walks. The heat kernel satisfies the heat equation and can be used to analyze many useful properties of random walks in a graph. A local Cheeger inequality is established, which implies that, by focusing on cuts determined by linear orderings of vertices using the heat kernel pageranks, the resulting partition is within a quadratic factor of the optimum. This is true, even if we restrict the volume of the small part separated by the cut to be close to some specified target value. This leads to a graph partitioning algorithm for which the running time is proportional to the size of the targeted volume (instead of the size of the whole graph).
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2007 National Academy of Sciences