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Risk Of Ischaemic Stroke In People With Migraine: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Observational Studies
Mahyar Etminan, Bahi Takkouche, Francisco Caamaño Isorna and Ali Samii
BMJ: British Medical Journal
Vol. 330, No. 7482 (Jan. 8, 2005), pp. 63-65
Published by: BMJ
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25458612
Page Count: 3
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Objective To explore the association between migraine and risk of ischaemic stroke. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources Observational studies published between 1966 and June 2004 (identified through Medline and Embase) that examined the association between migraine and risk of ischaemic stroke. Results 14 studies (11 case-control studies and 3 cohort studies) were identified. These studies suggest that the risk of stroke is increased in people with migraine (relative risk 2.16, 95% confidence interval 1.89 to 2.48). This increase in risk was consistent in people who had migraine with aura (relative risk 2.88, 1.89 to 4.39) and migraine without aura (relative risk 1.56, 1.03 to 2.36), as well as in those taking oral contraceptives (relative risk 8.72, 5.05 to 15.05). Conclusions Data from observational studies suggest that migraine may be a risk factor in developing stroke. More studies are needed to explore the mechanism of this potential association. In addition, the risk of migraine among users of oral contraceptives must be further investigated.
BMJ: British Medical Journal © 2005 BMJ