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Understanding Ligand-Based Modulation of the Hsp90 Molecular Chaperone Dynamics at Atomic Resolution

Giorgio Colombo, Giulia Morra, Massimiliano Meli and Gennady Verkhivker
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 105, No. 23 (Jun. 10, 2008), pp. 7976-7981
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25462716
Page Count: 6
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Understanding Ligand-Based Modulation of the Hsp90 Molecular Chaperone Dynamics at Atomic Resolution
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Abstract

Molecular switching and ligand-based modulation of the 90-kDa heat-shock protein (Hsp90) chaperone activity may ultimately facilitate conformational coupling to the ATPase cycle along with activation and recruitment of the broad range of client proteins. We present an atomic resolution analysis of the Hsp90 N-terminal domain (NTD) binding energy landscape by simulating protein dynamics with a range of binding partners. We show that the activity of the molecular chaperone may be linked to (i) local folding-unfolding transitions and conformational switching of the "active site lid" upon binding and (ii) differences in the underlying protein dynamics as a function of the binding partner. This study suggests that structural plasticity of the Hsp90 NTD can be exploited by the molecular chaperone machinery to modulate enhanced structural rigidity during ATP binding and increased protein flexibility as a consequence of the inhibitor binding. The present study agrees with the experimental structural data and provides a plausible molecular model for understanding mechanisms of modulation of molecular chaperone activities by binding partners.

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