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Identification of Bacteria and Bacteria-Associated Chemical Cues That Mediate Oviposition Site Preferences by Aedes aegypti
Loganathan Ponnusamy, Ning Xu, Satoshi Nojima, Dawn M. Wesson, Coby Schal and Charles S. Apperson
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 105, No. 27 (Jul. 8, 2008), pp. 9262-9267
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25462957
Page Count: 6
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The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, the global vector of dengue and yellow fever, is inexorably linked to water-filled human-made containers for egg laying and production of progeny. Oviposition is stimulated by cues from water containers, but the nature and origin of these cues have not been elucidated. We showed that mosquito females directed most of their eggs to bamboo and white-oak leaf infusions, and only a small fraction of the eggs were laid in plain water containers. In binary choice assays, we demonstrated that microorganisms in leaf infusions produced oviposition-stimulating kairomones, and using a combination of bacterial culturing approaches, bioassay-guided fractionation of bacterial extracts, and chemical analyses, we now demonstrate that specific bacteria-associated carboxylic acids and methyl esters serve as potent oviposition stimulants for gravid Ae. aegypti. Elucidation of these compounds will improve understanding of the chemical basis of egg laying behavior of Ae. aegypti, and the kairomones will likely enhance the efficacy of surveillance and control programs for this disease vector of substantial global public health importance.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2008 National Academy of Sciences