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Women's Labor and Enclave Employment: The Case of Dominican and Colombian Women in New York City
Greta A. Gilbertson
The International Migration Review
Vol. 29, No. 3 (Autumn, 1995), pp. 657-670
Published by: Center for Migration Studies of New York, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2547498
Page Count: 14
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The enclave hypothesis holds that obligations stemming from a common ethnicity not only permit utilization of past investments in human capital, but help to create opportunities for mobility. This implies that both men and women benefit from a broader reward structure involving more than just wages. Yet few studies examine whether immigrants in co-ethnicowned firms, particularly women, benefit from these other forms of compensation, such as advancement opportunities. Using data from a survey of Colombian and Dominican immigrants in New York City, this research examines whether Dominican and Colombian women working in Hispanic-owned firms in New York City are advantaged relative to women in other labor market sectors in earnings-returns to human capital, opportunities for skill acquisition, and fringe benefits. The results indicate that enclave employment provides women with low wages, minimal benefits, and few opportunities for advancement.
The International Migration Review © 1995 Center for Migration Studies of New York, Inc.