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A Pragmatist Defense of Non-Relativistic Explanatory Pluralism in History and Social Science
Jeroen Van Bouwel and Erik Weber
History and Theory
Vol. 47, No. 2 (May, 2008), pp. 168-182
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25478743
Page Count: 15
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Epistemic pluralism, Social sciences, Pluralist school, Cholera, Phenomena, Collective action, World wars, Nation states, Proximate causation, Marxian economics
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Explanatory pluralism has been defended by several philosophers of history and social science, recently, for example, by Tor Egil Førland in this journal. In this article, we provide a better argument for explanatory pluralism, based on the pragmatist idea of epistemic interests. Second, we show that there are three quite different senses in which one can be an explanatory pluralist: one can be a pluralist about questions, a pluralist about answers to questions, and a pluralist about both. We defend the last position. Finally, our third aim is to argue that pluralism should not be equated with "anything goes": we will argue for non-relativistic explanatory pluralism. This pluralism will be illustrated by examples from history and social science in which different forms of explanation (for example, structural, functional, and intentional explanations) are discussed, and the fruitfulness of our framework for understanding explanatory pluralism is shown.
History and Theory © 2008 Wesleyan University