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Second Sourcing and the Experience Curve: Price Competition in Defense Procurement

James J. Anton and Dennis A. Yao
The RAND Journal of Economics
Vol. 18, No. 1 (Spring, 1987), pp. 57-76
Published by: Wiley on behalf of RAND Corporation
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2555535
Page Count: 20
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Second Sourcing and the Experience Curve: Price Competition in Defense Procurement
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Abstract

We examine a dynamic model of price competition in defense procurement that incorporates the experience curve, asymmetric cost information, and the availability of a higher cost alternative system. We model acquisition as a two-stage process in which initial production is governed by a contract between the government and the developer. Competition is then introduced by an auction in which a second source bids against the developer for remaining production. We characterize the class of production contracts that are cost minimizing for the government and that induce the developer to reveal private cost information. When high costs are revealed, these contracts result in a credible cutoff of new system production in favor of the still higher cost alternative system.

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