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The Structure and Performance of the Northern Ireland Beef Sector
Irish Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology
Vol. 8, No. 2 (1981), pp. 153-165
Published by: TEAGASC-Agriculture and Food Development Authority
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25556470
Page Count: 13
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This paper argues that workable or effective competition provides a pragmatic framework for assessing the structure and performance of marketing systems. Three criteria of effective competition were used to assess the structure and performance of the Northern Ireland beef sector from the early to the mid seventies. During the period of the study competiton was judged to be ineffective. The production industry was highly fragmented and there was evidence that this was accompanied by relatively low efficiency. The slaughtering/wholesaling industry was very concentrated and earned high gross profit margins, although these were eroded by high unit costs. An interface problem between producers and wholesalers was identified and, as a result, producers received a relatively low share of retail expenditure. The retailing industry demonstrated a more dynamic structure which it was thought would lead to an improvement in performance. The view was taken that government should adopt a more positive approach towards ameliorating the structural problems of the marketing system.
Irish Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology © 1981 TEAGASC-Agriculture and Food Development Authority