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Salt Stress-Induced Changes in Superoxide Dismutase Isozymes in Leaves and Mesophyll Protoplasts from Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.

José A. Hernández, Luis A. del Río and Francisca Sevilla
The New Phytologist
Vol. 126, No. 1 (Jan., 1994), pp. 37-44
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the New Phytologist Trust
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2558145
Page Count: 8
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Salt Stress-Induced Changes in Superoxide Dismutase Isozymes in Leaves and Mesophyll Protoplasts from Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
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Abstract

The effect of salt stress (NaCl and/or KCl) on the specific activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) isozymes in leaves from cowpea plants and in mesophyll protoplasts from cowpea leaves was examined. In leaves, mitochondrial Mn-SOD was significantly decreased by 35 mM (up to 35%) and 100 mM NaCl (up to 60%), whereas, under the same conditions, cytosolic and mitochondrial Cu,Zn-SOD I was slightly diminished and chloroplastic Cu,Zn-SOD II did not show a response. In protoplasts, the specific activity of SOD isozymes was decreased as a function of both the salt concentration and the type of salt used. Mn-SOD was again the most salt-sensitive isozyme, but in contrast to whole leaf preparations, Cu,Zn-SOD II in protoplasts was markedly inhibited by NaCl and Cu,Zn-SOD I showed an intermediate sensitivity. KCl concentrations equivalent to those of NaCl were less effective in inhibiting the SOD isozymes, suggesting the existence of specificity for certain ions. In protoplasts salt inhibition of SODs was reversible. However, Mn2+ was necessary for total recovery of Mn-SOD activity in NaCl-treated protoplasts. The in vitro results suggested a competitive inhibition of SOD isozymes by salts. A possible competitive inhibition of SOD activity in salt-treated cowpea plants was also suggested. Finally, the possible correlation between plant response to NaCl and the potential of SOD isozymes was analyzed.

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