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Focused Correlation and Confirmation

Gregory Wheeler
The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
Vol. 60, No. 1 (Mar., 2009), pp. 79-100
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25591989
Page Count: 22
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Focused Correlation and Confirmation
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Abstract

This essay presents results about a deviation from independence measure called focused correlation. This measure explicates the formal relationship between probabilistic dependence of an evidence set and the incremental confirmation of a hypothesis, resolves a basic question underlying Peter Klein and Ted Warfield's 'truth-conduciveness' problem for Bayesian coherentism, and provides a qualified rebuttal to Erik Olsson's claim that there is no informative link between correlation and confirmation. The generality of the result is compared to recent programs in Bayesian epistemology that attempt to link correlation and confirmation by utilizing a conditional evidential independence condition. Several properties of focused correlation are also highlighted.

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