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Responses of Ungulates to Seasonal Inundations in the Amazon Floodplain

Richard E. Bodmer
Journal of Tropical Ecology
Vol. 6, No. 2 (May, 1990), pp. 191-201
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2559266
Page Count: 11
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Responses of Ungulates to Seasonal Inundations in the Amazon Floodplain
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Abstract

Terrestrial ungulates use different strategies to cope with widespread annual flooding of the Amazon basin. Red brocket deer (Mazama americana) and collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu) retreat to floodplain islands and shift from a frugivorous to a woody browse diet. However, both white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) and lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris) diets are unaffected by inundations; in the case of white-lipped peccary because they migrate into and out of flooded areas and in the case of lowland tapir because of their semi-aquatic nature. These strategies of white-lipped peccary and lowland tapir enable them to exploit the greater fruit production of flooded forests more frequently than brocket deer and collared peccary.

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